Pulmonology is the branch of medicine and a subspecialty of internal medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of different conditions related to the respiratory system, such as asthma and bronchitis. The respiratory system is composed the respiratory muscles, the lungs, and the airways, which includes the pharynx, larynx, mouth, bronchi, trachea, bronchioles, nose, and alveoli.
A pulmonology clinic in Salem shares more information about pulmonologists.
What Are Pulmonologists and What Do They Do?
A pulmonologist deals with all types of disorders affecting the respiratory system in men and women. Pulmonologists are experts in treating a variety of infectious, inflammatory, structural, and neoplastic respiratory disorders, such as tuberculosis and asthma.
In some cases, the conditions treated by a pulmonologist may extend to the other systems of the body, including the cardiovascular system. This is because some conditions, such as pulmonary vascular diseases, can affect other organs outside the respiratory system.
Primary care physicians would often refer their patients to pulmonologists when they saw symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, wheezing, and chronic coughing. A pulmonologist may perform several tests to determine the condition you are suffering from and to what extent.
These tests may include CT scans, chest X-ray, fluoroscopy, lobectomy, pleural biopsy, thoracentesis, sleep study, and bronchoscopy, as well as pulmonary function and pulse oximetry tests. Oftentimes, patients who need mechanical ventilation and life support are cared for by pulmonologists.
Conditions Treated by Pulmonologists
Pulmonologists treat a wide range of conditions, such as asthma, bronchitis, bronchiectasis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, interstitial lung diseases, pulmonary fibrosis, byssinosis, rheumatoid lung disease, sarcoidosis, sleep apnea, silicosis, and other lung problems.
If you are showing any symptoms of the conditions mentioned above, your primary physician in Salem will most likely refer you to a pulmonologist for further tests, diagnosis, and treatment. Follow your doctor’s advice and take good care of your health to avoid worse conditions.