Pulmonary fibrosis happens when lung tissues become scarred or damaged. The person suffering the disease may experience shortness of breath, dry cough, fatigue and chest pain. Although the cause of the health problem is still unknown to science, there are certain factors that put people at risk.
Cigarettes Burn Holes Through Lungs (Not Just Pockets)
Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for pulmonary fibrosis. Research says that even those that have long quit the habit can still develop the disease.
Cigarettes contain chemicals that damage the lungs. Often, smoking causes emphysema, a condition common among pulmonary fibrosis patients. The condition causes the walls between the air sacs to break down. This is what makes breathing difficult.
Because cigarette smoking is a risk factor for pulmonary fibrosis, doctors strongly recommend quitting the habit. Medications will also help. Manage the disease by consulting online Esbriet pharmacies.
The Job That Puts You at Risk, Making You Sick
Exposure to pollutants like asbestos, coal dust or molds, may also increase risk. Radiation, silica, and beryllium may also trigger the disease. This is why it is important to observe safety measures, especially if you work in the mining or construction industry.
The Burden That Runs in the Blood
Other types of pulmonary fibrosis are genetic. Doctors call this “familiar pulmonary fibrosis” or “familial interstitial pneumonia.” Some genes and genetic mutations, like TERC and TERT are common among patients. These genes are important in the production of telomerase.
Studies, however, are still ongoing to determine how defects in telomerase put a person at risk for pulmonary fibrosis. What’s for sure, though, is that genetics combined with environmental factors, like smoking, can trigger the disease.
Diseases Giving Birth to the Disease
The presence of an autoimmune disease causes the immune system to attack your lungs. Over time, the lungs become inflamed and scarred. Autoimmune diseases that cause pulmonary fibrosis are Rheumatoid arthritis and systemic sclerosis.
The lung damage pulmonary fibrosis causes can’t be treated. Medications, however, can help relieve symptoms. Are you at risk for pulmonary fibrosis? The best way to know is to consult your doctor.